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Czwartek, 22 Czerwiec 2017 Time: 00:00
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Dodano: 2014-05-28
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY OF PEOPLE IN THE LUBUSKI PROVINCE IN THE FIRST QUARTER OF 2013
Information on the people’s economic activity in the Lubuski Province shows data that refers to the employed, unemployed and the inactive furnished by the sample People’s Economic Activity Survey made in the fourth quarter of 2013.
 
The basic objective of the People’s Economic Activity Survey (PEAS) was to obtain data concerning the size and structure of human resources.  The Survey creates the basic source of information on the labour market situation.
NOTE:  In order to generalize  the survey results, the study comprised information on people aged 15 and over  developed on the grounds of the results of the National Census of 2011.  Apart from that, some changes in the methodology were applied in order to adjust the population subject to the analysis to Eurostat.  The survey did not comprise people who were away from their households, that is abroad or in group households for 12 months or more – until the beginning  of the second quarter of  2012, it was 3 months or more. Due to the changes made,  the PEAS results are not fully comparable with the results of the studies made before 2010.

The data published in the present study presents the results calculated in accordance with the new methodology and the new basis for data generalization.   

Basic notions and definitions
 
The basis for the PEAS methodology are definitions related to  employed and unemployed people agreed upon at the 13th International  Conference of Labour Statisticians  held in October  1992 and recommended  by the International Labour Organization.  The survey objective is  the analysis of the situation concerning people’s economic activity, namely the act of doing paid work, being unemployed or economically inactive  during the week when the survey was made ( the reference week).
 
The People’s Economic Activity Survey has been regularly made  in Poland since May 1992 and developed in accordance with the recommendations from EUROSTAT. It is carried out in quarter cycles by means of a continuous observation method, that is every week throughout the whole quarter analyzed. The legal basis  for the survey is  the regulation of the Cabinet issued every year on  the statistical analyses project for public statistics ( in 2013 the survey was made by virtue of the regulation of November 9th, 2012 – Journal of Law of December 12th, 2012, i. 1391). The basic legal instrument  introducing The People’s Economic Activity Survey into  EU countries is the regulation of the European Council  No 577/98 of March 9th, 1998 on the organization of a labour force sample survey  in the Community.
 
Economically active people – the so called  labour force; all persons known as employed or unemployed, according to the definitions below.
 
The employed comprises everybody aged  15 or over  who, during the reference period :
  • did any work for at least one hour that generated income or  an earning, namely, were employed as a hired worker, worked for their own  or leased agricultural farm or ran their own non-agricultural business activity, helped ( unpaid)  in running a family agricultural farm or another family business;
  • had a job, but did not do it:

-        due to a sickness, maternal leave or a holiday,

-        due to other reasons, provided the length of the leave was:

§       up to 3 months,

§       over 3 months, but they were  hired and during this time  received at least 50 % of their regular pay,

 

The employed group – according to international standards also included persons with whom  employers or natural persons concluded a training or apprenticeship contract to do a certain job, provided they received a salary.

 

Owing to the methodological assumptions of the survey, the number of the employed as the PAES shows did not comprise the category of people who were regarded as employed in the employment reporting, such as:

-        employed, residing in a hostel,

-        working abroad for Polish employers.

 

The employment status was based on the International Classification by Status in Employment (ICSE) where the following categories are listed:

  • own-account worker – a person that operates his own enterprise including:

-       employer – a person who operates his own enterprise and employs or hires at least one worker ,

-      own-account worker not employing any workers – a person who operates his own enterprise and does not employ or hire any  workers,

  • employee  - a person employed by virtue of an employment contract who works for a  public or private employer,
  • unpaid family worker – a person who works without pay in an economic enterprise operated by a related person ( a family member).

 

An employee is also a person who works under contract or persons with whom  employers or natural persons concluded a training or apprenticeship contract to do a certain job, provided they received a salary.

The  own-account workers are also agents  in all types of agencies.

 

The unemployed, according to the People’s Economic Activity Survey, comprises everybody aged 15-74  who met the following conditions:

-        during the reference period  were without work,

-        were actively seeking work, i.e. had taken specific steps to seek paid employment during 4 weeks ( including the reference week),

-        currently available for work – available for paid employment during the period of two weeks following the reference period (week).

 

The group of the unemployed also included  people who were not seeking  work because they had already agreed upon a certain job and were awaiting to start it for a period of  not longer than 3 months and who were available for work.

 

Economically inactive population, that means people  who are out of work force, aged 15 or over, who were not classified as employed or unemployed, that means people who  during the reference period:

  • did not work, had no work and did not seek it,
  • did not work, did not seek work, but were not available for work during two weeks  following the reference week,
  • did not work, did not seek work, because they had agreed upon a certain job and were awaiting to start it during a period:

-        longer than 3 months,

-        up to 3 months, but were not available for it.

 

Among the economically  inactive there is a group of discouraged people , persons not seeking work because they are convinced that they would not find it.

 

Economic activity rate was calculated as the percentage  of the economically active ( in all   or for a given group) in the total population aged 15 or over( in all or for a given group).

 

Employment rate was calculated as the percentage  of the employed  ( in all   or for a given group) in the whole  population aged 15 or over( in all or for a given group).

 

Unemployment rate was calculated as the percentage  of the unemployed  ( in all   or for a given category ) in the whole  population aged 15 or over ( in all or for a given category).

 

People at the working age are those who  are at the age in which they are able to take up work.  For men it is 18-64 and for women 18-59. Among the people at the working age there are people  at the so called  mobile age, that is aged 18-44 years and  at the immobile age, that is men aged 45-64 and women aged 45-59. People at the non-working age are people at the pre-working age, that is aged up to 17 and people at the retirement  age which for men is 65 and over  and for women 60 and over.

 

The sums of some figures may differ from  the values entered into the “in all” column – it is a result of round-ups made when generalizing the survey results.

 

Due to the sample method of the survey it is advisable to be careful when using the data in cases where detailed  classifications were made and where the figures show less than 15 thousand.  In cases when after generalizing the test results show less than 5 thousand, the relevant figures were replaced with the # symbol. This means, that a concrete value cannot be shown due to a high sampling  error. 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 Activity of people aged 15 and over (selected figures)
 
 
 
 
           1. Economic activity of people aged 15 and over in the fourth quarter of 2013

 

        In the Q4 the population of economically active people in the Lubuski Province was 456 thousand and increased during the year by 1,1 %. Among the economically active there was an increase in the number of the unemployed (by 4,9%) and the employed ( by 0,7%).

       As compared with the previous quarter the number of the economically active increased by 5,1%. Among the economically active there was an increase in the number of working people  by 5,9%  and the 2,3 % decrease in the number of  the unemployed. 

 

Table 1. Economically active and inactive people aged 15 and over in the Q4 of 2013

 
          The dependency ratio (the number of unemployed per one employed person) was 103 and decreased as compared with the same period of 2012 ( per 100 employed persons there were 104 unemployed persons), and also as compared with  the previous quarter ( when there were 106 unemployed persons per 100 employed). In other regions of Poland the ratio was lower and amounted to 98 ( a year before it was 99, and in the previous quarter 97).
 

 
 
              In the fourth quarter  of 2013 per 100 persons aged 15 and over there were 54 economically active persons, that is,  who had work or were seeking work and 46 economically inactive persons.  

Similarly to previous quarters the  economic activity ratio was definitely higher for men (62,3%) than for women (46,0%).

The economic activity ratio for people living in cities reached the level of 55,6% and for the village dwellers it was 51,4%.  Per 100 economically active persons from cities and rural areas there were 84 economically inactive people.

            In the fourth quarter of 2013according to the PEAS in the Lubuski Province there were 446 thousand  economically active persons at the working age, which made 97,8% of all the economically active persons aged 15 and over.  The economic activity ratio for this group was 70,9% and increased by 0,9 percentage point as compared with the same period of 2012 and decreased by 0,1 percentage point in relation to the relevant figure in the previous quarter.

            In the reference quarter, the biggest economic activity was presented by persons aged 25-34 and 35-44. The economic activity ratio for both groups was: 84,2% and 83,5% respectively. For the youngest group (15-24) the economic activity ratio was 30,2%.

 

Table 2. Economic activity ratio for people aged 15 and over

 
 

1.1  Economic activity ratio for persons aged 15 and over by education and marital status

 

               In the fourth quarter of 2013 in the group of the economically active there were the most people with post-secondary school education, and secondary-school  vocational education ( 134 thousand, that is 29,4% of the total number). The smallest number was made from persons possessing junior high school education, elementary school education and who had not even completed an elementary school or had no school education ( 35 thousand, that is 7,7 % of the total number).

 

             Similarly to the previous quarter the highest economic activity ratio was for the group of people with higher education (81,0%). Quite a high  level of economic activity was also presented by people possessing post-secondary education and secondary vocational education (66,0%) and  basic vocational education (61,4%). The lowest economic activity ratio was  for the group of people with junior high school education, elementary school education, incomplete elementary school education or without education at all (17,6%). 

 

Table 3 Economic activity ratio for people aged 15 and more by education in the fourth quarter of 2013

 

          Considering the marital status of people aged 15 and over, the most numerous group of economically active people was made up of married men and women  totaling 296 thousand, that is 64,9% of the overall number of the economically active. Also for this group the economic activity ratio was the highest  reaching 61,8%. Bachelors and maidens – totaling 123 thousand, made 27,0% of the overall number of the economically active. The economic activity ratio for this group was 51,3%. As in the previous quarters, the lowest level of the economic activity ratio was for  the group of widowers and widows (12,5%).

 

          
          2. The employed
 

          In the fourth quarter of 2013  the number of employed people increased as compared with the same period  of 2012 and the previous quarter.

 

       The employed figure reached  413 thousand and increased compared  to the same period in 2012 by 0,7%. The group of working men experienced a growth by 1,3% and the number of working women remained at the same level as in the previous year ( 182 thousand, that is 44,1%).

 

        278 thousand people from the total number of the employed came from towns and their  share in the overall number of the employed was 67,3% ( a fall as compared with the fourth quarter of 2012). The number of  working people living in rural areas amounted to 135 thousand ( an increase by 3,1% as compared with the same period of 2012).

 

 

             Comparing with  the previous quarter the total number of working people increased by 5,9%. The increase refers both to the number of working men (by 6,0%) as well as working women  ( by 5,5%). The number of working people from towns increased ( by 12,6%), whereas the number of working people from villages fell (by 5,6%). 

 

             The employment rate in the fourth quarter of 2013 reached the level of 49,2% and was higher than in the previous quarter and the same period of 2012 by 0,8 percentage point and 0,2 percentage point respectively. 

 

 

Table 4.  Employment rate of people aged 15 and over

 

              As compared with the same period in 2012  the employment rate grew for men by 1,3 % whereas it decreased for women  by 0,7%. The rate for town dwellers  increased by 0,1 % and for villagers it fell by 0,1 %.

 

              As compared with the previous quarter   the employment rate grew for men and women by 1,0 % and 0,5 % respectively.  The rate for town dwellers  increased ( by 2,1 % ) whereas for villagers it fell ( by 1,6)  %.

 

          The employment rate  for people at the working age reached 64,2% and increased  as compared with 2012 by 0,7 % and with the previous quarter by 0,5%.

 

            Similarly to the previous quarters,  the highest employment rate was manifested by the age groups of 35-44 (77,0%) and 25-34 (75,9%), whereas it was the lowest for people aged 55 and over  (22,9%) and 15-24 (21,6%). 

 

 

             2.1 The employment by employment status

 

In the fourth quarter of 2013 342 thousand persons (82,8% of all the working) were employed as hired workers, including 55,7% working in the private sector. As compared with the same period in 2012 the number of hired workers fell  by 1,7%. The fall referred to hired workers in a private sector (by 3,8%), whereas  their number increased in the public sector ( by 1,8%).

 

Throughout the year the number of own-account workers  increased ( by 17,9%), including the increase of employers’ number by 12,5%.

           Within the period under analysis the group of hired workers working regularly ( with contracts for an unspecified period of time)  amounted to  235 thousand people and the figure was smaller than the figure in the previous year by 12 thousand persons, that is by 4,9%.  The number of  hired workers with contracts for specified period of time was 106 thousand people, which means that this figure increased by 3,9% in comparison to the previous year.

              53,2% of hired workers were males ( the figure was lower by 0,2% than the figure in the previous year).  Males constituted the majority  of hired workers in the private sector  (61,3% in the reference period and 59,4% in 2012). The situation is different for the public sector where females constituted 62,5% of the total number of the working ( 60,0% in the previous year).

             As far as the place of residence is concerned the majority of hired workers resided in towns (70,5% of the total number of the employed).  

 

Table 5. The  employed by employment status in the fourth quarter of 2013

 

2.2 The employment by age

 

          The most numerous category was made from people aged 25-34 ( 29,1%). The working people made up 25,9% of the total number of people  aged 35-44 , and in the group of 45-54 years old the figure was 22,5%. The smallest age group of the employed was composed of the youngest persons (aged 15-24)  and the oldest (aged 55 and over) which constituted in total 6,0% and 16,5 % of the total number of the employed. 

 

 

            3. Unemployed
 

            In the fourth quarter of 2013 the group of the unemployed in the Lubuski Province comprised 43 thousand people and in comparison with the previous year this figure grew by 4,9%.

 

          Throughout the year the number of the unemployed increased including both men ( by 4,5%) and women (by 5,3%) The number of the unemployed from rural areas increased by 44,4% and in towns the figure fell (by 6,3%).

 

 

 

 Comparing the data with  the data of the previous quarter the total number of unemployed people decreased by 2,3 %.  The number of unemployed women decreased (by 4,8%), whereas the number of unemployed men stayed on the same level ( 23 thousand unemployed men in the reference period and in the previous quarter). As far as the place of residence is concerned, the unemployment decreased both for town as well as with respect to village dwellers, by 7,1% and 3,2 % respectively.

 

     3.1  The unemployed by age

 

         The most numerous category was made from people aged 25-34 ( 30,2 %). The unemployed made up 23,3% of the total number of people  aged 15-24 , and in the group of 35-44 years old  the figure was 18,6%%. In the group of 45-54 years old people the number of unemployed amounted to 16,3%.  The smallest age group of the unemployed was composed of the oldest (aged 55 and over) which constituted 11,6%  of the total number of the unemployed. 

 

         3.2 Unemployment rate

         In the reference period the overall unemployment rate amounted to 9,4% ( with 9,8% the Poland’s average) and increased compared with the same period of 2012 (by 0,3%), and  decreased compared to the previous quarter by 0,8%.

  

         Throughout the year the unemployment rate grew both for men (by 0,3%) and for women (by 0,4%). It was also higher for village dwellers ( by 2,4%), whereas for town dwellers the figure fell by 0,5%.

 

 

            The situation is different compared to the previous quarter – the unemployment rate fell both for men ( by 0,4%) and for women (by 1,0%). The figure also decreased in towns (by 1,4%) and rural areas (by 0,2%).

 

Table 6. Unemployment rate for people aged 15 and over

 

        3.3 Unemployment rate by age and education

 

        In the fourth quarter of 2013 the highest unemployment rate figure was for the youngest people under analysis, namely aged 15-24 years (28,6%), and the lowest for the people aged 35-44 and the oldest people ( aged 55 and over) – 6,9% for each age group.

 

        The lowest  unemployment rate figure was for people with higher education, namely 4,3%. For this group the figure rose compared to  the same period of 2012 by 0,3% and fell by 0,7% compared to the previous quarter.

 

        The unemployment rate figure continued to be the lowest for  people with the lowest level of education and without any vocational training. In the fourth quarter of 2013 for people with lower-secondary  education and elementary education  the unemployment rate was 22,9% and rose compared to the same period of 2012 by 8,2% and compared to the previous quarter  it remained on the same level.

 

 

        For the group of people with  elementary vocational education the unemployment rate figure amounted to 10,9% ( an increase compared to the same period in 2012 by 0,9% and a fall compared to the previous quarter by 0,6%), whereas for the group of people with secondary education and secondary vocational education the figure was 8,2% ( a fall compared to both the same period of 2012 by 1,3% and to the previous quarter by 1,6%).

 

 

Table 7. Unemployment rate by education in the fourth quarter of 2013

 

           4. Economically inactive people

 

         The group of economically inactive people reached 384 thousand persons, that is 45,8% of the total number of people aged 15 and over ( throughout the year there was a 0,3% fall and compared to the previous quarter there was a rise by 3,5%).

 

          47,4% of the total number of the economically inactive was made up from people at the working age. The number of economically inactive people at the working age decreased compared to the same period in 2012 by 3,2% and compared to the previous quarter the figure rose by 5,2%.

 

          The majority of the economically inactive lived in towns (63,5%). The biggest number of economically inactive was shown by  women – 237 thousand which constituted 61,7% of the economically inactive total number.

 

         Per 100 women aged 15 and over there were 54 economically inactive women ( in the same period of 2012 – 53) and per 100 men – there were 37 economically inactive men ( in the same period of 2012 the figure was 38). 

 

 

 

            In the group of the economically inactive 41,9% was made up of  persons who did not work because they had retired ( in the same period of 2012 it was  42,9%). Another reason for economic inactivity was continuing education and training – 18,8%, sickness or disability – 18,2% and other personal or family reasons – 6,5% ( in the same period of 2012 the relative figures were 18,2% , 19,0% and 6,9% respectively).

 

           The population of people discouraged due to unsuccessful  seeking work amounted to 23 thousand people, that formed 6,0% of the total number of the economically inactive ( 5,2 % in the same period in 2012).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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